The Most Common STDs Are...
|Trichomoniasis||7.4 million new cases diagnosed each year||Fluid exchange, genital to genital contact||Discharge from penis or vagina, discomfort when urinating; usually appears in women 5–28 days after infection||Genital inflammation|
|HPV||6.2 million new cases diagnosed each year||Skin-to-skin contact, mother to child during delivery||There are over 100 different strains. Some produce genital warts||Number one cause of cervical cancer in women; may cause penile and anal cancer in men|
|Chlamydia||2.8 million new cases diagnosed each year, 92 million globally||Fluid exchange, mother to child during delivery||May appear 1–3 weeks after infection; abnormal discharge from penis or vagina, burning when urinating, bleeding between periods
75% women have no symptoms
50% men have no symptoms
|PID, severe damage to reproductive organs, infertility in women, sterility in men|
|500,000 new cases each year||Skin-to-skin contact, mother to child during delivery||Flu-like symptoms, fever; outbreak of blisters usually within two weeks of infection||Recurring outbreaks|
|Gonorrhea||CDC Estimates 700,000 new cases each year||Contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus; mother to child during delivery||Men: Discharge from penis, burning when urinating, pain in testicles; usually 2–30 days after infection
Women: Discharge from vagina, burning when urinating, bleeding between periods
|PID, severe damage to reproductive organs, infertility in women, sterility in men, skin disease, arthritis|
|Hepatitis B||40,000 new cases diagnosed each year||Fluid exchange, mother to child during delivery||Jaundice, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, joint pain||Cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure|
approx. 56,000 new cases diagnosed each year
|Fluid exchange, mother to child during pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding||Tiredness, fever, chills, weight loss, swollen glands, white spots in mouth, constant diarrhea||Weakened immune system, some cancers, pneumonia, damage to central nervous system, death|
Estimates: 7-750,000. Women experience acute episode of PID yearly, 10-15% become infertile
|Complication of untreated STD - typically Chlamydia & Gonorrhea||Vague symptoms to severe pelvic pain||Scarring of fallopian tubes & other pelvic structure can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility & ectopic pregnancy|
|Syphilis||36,000 new cases diagnosed in 2006||Direct contact with syphilis sores, mother to child during pregnancy||Primary Stage: one or more small, firm, round, painless sores at the spot where the bacteria entered the body; appears 10–90 days after infection
Secondary Stage: skin rash, spots on palms of hands and bottoms of feet; may include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, aches, fatigue
|Late Stage: damage to the brain, heart, liver, bones, and joints; paralysis, blindness, death|
NOTE: If you, or anyone you know, has any of these symtoms, please don't wait. See a doctor or medical professional as soon as possible. Some of these diseases are fatal if not treated correctly.
Note: Testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs and STDs) is available at all center locations.