What Are The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

The Most Common STDs Are…

 

STD Cases Transmission Symptoms Effects
Trichomoniasis 1.1 million new cases diagnosed each year Fluid exchange, genital to genital contact Discharge from penis or vagina, discomfort when urinating; usually appears in women 5–28 days after infection Genital inflammation
HPV 14.1 million new cases diagnosed each year Skin-to-skin contact, mother to child during delivery There are over 100 different strains. Some produce genital warts Number one cause of cervical cancer in women; may cause penile and anal cancer in men
Chlamydia 2.8 million new cases diagnosed each year, 92 million globally Fluid exchange, mother to child during delivery May appear 1–3 weeks after infection; abnormal discharge from penis or vagina, burning when urinating, bleeding between periods75% women have no symptoms50% men have no symptoms PID, severe damage to reproductive organs, infertility in women, sterility in men
Genital Herpes 776,000 new cases each year Skin-to-skin contact, mother to child during delivery Flu-like symptoms, fever; outbreak of blisters usually within two weeks of infection Recurring outbreaks
Gonorrhea CDC Estimates 820,000 new cases each year Contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus; mother to child during delivery Men: Discharge from penis, burning when urinating, pain in testicles; usually 2–30 days after infectionWomen: Discharge from vagina, burning when urinating, bleeding between periods PID, severe damage to reproductive organs, infertility in women, sterility in men, skin disease, arthritis
Hepatitis B 19,000 new cases diagnosed each year Fluid exchange, mother to child during delivery Jaundice, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, joint pain Cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure
HIV approx. 41,000 new cases diagnosed each year Fluid exchange, mother to child during pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding Tiredness, fever, chills, weight loss, swollen glands, white spots in mouth, constant diarrhea Weakened immune system, some cancers, pneumonia, damage to central nervous system, death
PID Estimates: 7-750,000. Women experience acute episode of PID yearly, 10-15% become infertile Complication of untreated STD – typically Chlamydia & Gonorrhea  Vague symptoms to severe pelvic pain  Scarring of fallopian tubes & other pelvic structure can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility & ectopic pregnancy
Syphilis 55,400 new cases diagnosed in 2008 Direct contact with syphilis sores, mother to child during pregnancy Primary Stage: one or more small, firm, round, painless sores at the spot where the bacteria entered the body; appears 10–90 days after infectionSecondary Stage: skin rash, spots on palms of hands and bottoms of feet; may include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, aches, fatigue Late Stage: damage to the brain, heart, liver, bones, and joints; paralysis, blindness, death

NOTE: If you, or anyone you know, has any of these symtoms, please don’t wait. See a doctor or medical professional as soon as possible. Some of these diseases are fatal if not treated correctly.