Immediate Risks of Abortion

Some Side Effects May Occur With Induced Abortion.

These include:

  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • and Diarrhea.

In most abortions, no serious complications occur. However, complications may happen in as many as 1 out of every 100 early abortions and in about 1 out of every 50 later abortions.

Complications May Include The Following:

Heavy Bleeding – Some bleeding after an abortion is normal. There is, however, a risk of hemorrhage, especially if the uterine artery is torn during surgery. When this happens, a blood transfusion may be required.

Infection – Bacteria may get into the uterus from an incomplete abortion resulting in infection. A serious infection may lead to persistent fever over several days and extended hospitalization.

Incomplete Abortion – Some fetal parts may not be removed by the abortion. Bleeding and infection may occur. Mifepristone or RU486 may fail in up to 1 out of every 20 cases.

Allergic Reaction to Drugs – An allergic reaction to anesthesia used during abortion surgery may result in convulsions, heart attack, and, in extreme cases, death.

Tearing of the Cervix – The cervix may be cut or torn by the abortion instruments used in surgery.

Scarring of the Uterine Lining – Suction tubing, curettes, and other abortion instruments may cause permanent scarring of the uterine lining.

Perforation of the Uterus – The uterus may be punctured or torn by abortion instruments. The risk of this complication increases with the length of the pregnancy. If this occurs, major surgery, including a hysterectomy, may be required.

Damage to Internal Organs – When the uterus is punctured or torn, there is also a risk that damage will occur to nearby organs such as the bowel and bladder.

Death – In extreme cases, other physical complication from abortion including excessive bleeding, infection, organ damage from a perforated uterus, and adverse reactions to anesthesia may lead to death. This complication is very rare and occurs, on average, in less than 20 cases per year.


Many women experience strong negative emotions after abortion. Sometimes this occurs within days and sometimes it happens years later. This psychological response is known as Post-Abortion Stress (PAS).

Several factors that impact the likelihood of Post-Abortion Stress include the following:

  • The woman’s age
  • The abortion circumstance
  • The stage of pregnancy at which the abortion occur
  • and The woman’s religious beliefs.